The Basilica of Saint Peter from its origins until today. The symbol of the Vatican is undoubtedly the Basilica of Saint Peter. It is a Renaissance-Baroque sacral building in the Vatican, one of the largest, most famous and most visited shrines in the world. It’s surrounded by Bernini’s colonnade, which forms a kind of entrance gate to the temple and serves as a place where meet faithful from all over the world. Historical sources say that a church stood here in the 4th century, which was built by Emperor Constantine. The basilica as we know today was completed in 1626 and its construction took 120 years. From a Christian point of view, this is the place where was probably buried the apostle Peter, to whom Christ gave the task of leading the church. Several important architects and sculptors took part in the construction of the basilica, for example, Michelangelo, Donanto Bramante, or Bernini. Inside there are many beautiful works of art, such as Pietà by Michelangelo or Bernini’s canopy over the tomb of St. Peter. This stately building is the largest Catholic church in area and traditionally serves as the site of the election of a new pope. Its majestic and magnificent dome can be seen in Rome from every elevated place.
In the interior of the building and also below it in a place called “Vatican grotto” there are more than 100 graves, 91 of which are buried popes. It is said that Peter’s remains are located under the papal altar. His name in translation means “rock” and a shrine was built at the place of his death. Below the church is a crypt containing the architectural remains of older churches.
The architect and artist Marta Marotta, who currently works at the Dante Alighieri Society in Hong Kong, will introduce you to the creation of the basilica, its most famous gems and many other things. You can watch the lecture online live.
Date: Friday, June 5, 2020
Place: at your house
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