“Rome will exist as long as the Coliseum does; when the Coliseum falls, so will Rome; when Rome falls, so will the world.”
-Venerable Bede, Saint
The Colosseum, which belongs to the group of seven wonders of the world, still thrills with its majesty. The largest and most famous Roman monument, which was built in the first century AD, was a silent witness to gladiatorial battles, fights of wild animals, cruel executions, numerous martyrdoms and served as a Christian burial ground and a quarry.
At present, the Colosseum represents 48 meters high preserved ruins of a large amphitheater, with an original capacity of up to 55 thousand places. The perimeter of the outer wall of the Colosseum was originally 545 meters. The Roman Colosseum had 80 entrances and exits at the same time. Gladiator performances took place here daily, with up to 5,000 animals killed during the day.
The Roman Colosseum was built by the order of Emperor Vespasian, in 72. However, it was not completed until 80, during the reign of Emperor Titus. Originally, the building was called the Flavian Amphitheater after the family name Flavius of the emperors Vespasian and Titus. Mentions of the last gladiatorial battles date back to around 400. Later, in the amphitheater was built a church and the arena was turned into a cemetery. The spaces under the vaults became dormitories and workshops. For a short time, the building also served as a fortress. In 1749, the pope declared the Colosseum a sacred place because early Christians were tortured there.At present, in the Colosseum are held every year on Good Friday the Stations of the Cross to commemorate the martyrdom of Jesus Christ.
Marta Marotta from the Dante Alighieri Society, which graduated from the University of Rome in La Sapienza with a master’s degree in architecture, tells us about this and other interesting things. She currently works in Hong Kong as a professional designer and architect.
Date: Friday, May 15, 2020
Place: at your house
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